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  1. #1
    ()   amir2008
    Aug 2008
    6,415

    [ALIGN=CENTER][TABLE1="width:95%;background-color:white;border:6px outset green;"][CELL="filter:;"][ALIGN=center]
    .. ɡ ɡ .
    .. .. .. .
    .. (6) 2003 .. 14 17 2003.
    Egyptian Journal of Nutrition and Feeds, The official journal of the Egyptian Society of Nutrition and Feeds. Proceedings of The 9th Conference on Animal Nutrition, Hurghada, 14-17 October, 2003 (Part 2: Ruminants Nutrition).


    (1) (100 120%) (87.5 100%) 120 [El-Ashry et al., 491-506]. 20 (4 ) ( ) : 100% + 87.5% 100% + 100% 120% + 87.5% 120% + 100% . 120 . : 120% 100% . 87.5% . 120% 87.5% 100% 100% . (120% ) 7% . 120% + 87.5% 7% . 120% 87.5% .


    (2) [Abdel-Salam and Mousa, 627-636] 24 . 2.5% . 186 . . . . .


    ( )
    Rapeseed Oil Meal (Canola Meal)
    () . .
    5-10% .
    35% 12.4% 2040 / .
    32-34% 44% .
    10% 5% Glucosinolate () 75% .

    (3) [Khinizy et al., 941-942] 19 () 10 (22) (55 66% ) ( ) (196 ) 4 . 1 ɡ 1 9-10-11 .

    :
    .
    : 40% 12% 9% 4% 8% 0 48% 12% 4% 1% 8% 0.02 0.03% ( )

    (4) [Al-Deeb et al., 943-944] (callipyge) . (callipyge) (Dorset crossed) 12 36.71.6 (3 3 ). 33 3 . ( ) ڡ ̡ . . 0.23 0.14 0.09 . (6.3 2.5 ) (4.3 2.6 ) (-1.5 0.87 ) (3.02 1.44 ). (13.3 15.3 ). .

    (5) [Dawa, 1333-1347] . 24 2 5 ʡ 607 49.71.39 . () - - - - ء 100 120% ARC (1981). . . . (ADL) .

    :
    . . 0
    90% 70% 10% 12% 25 /.

    :
    . 1 () . . 12% 11% 10% 5% 10% 13% 6% ( ) 10% 12% 6%.

    :
    6. . . . . .
    0 12% 23% 6% 6% 0.07% 23% 12% 25% 1% 6% 0.07% 24%.

    :
    40% 12% 10% 7% 1% 7% 0.09%.

    :
    . . 42% 4% 0


    (6) [Abdel-Salam, 675-682] ( ) . 24 206.29 8 104 3% . . . . . . . . (4.47 ) (4.39 ) (4.09 ) . .

    :
    . 0 . .
    12% 4% 45% 18%. ( ) .

    (7) [Abo-Donia et al.,1279-1299] 18 25 180 NRC 1985. 8.5% 8% 40% 35% (5% 5% 2% 1% 0.5% 5% ( ) ) . . . . . . . .

    (8) [Abo-Donia, 1381-1395] . 5% . 9 5% 5% . (AEE) . (AEE) . NDF and ADF . . . SGPT and SGOT. .

    (9) [Baraghit et al., 663-674] 12 ( 9 ) 9 12 15 190 . 2 4 6 . . ( ) . 5% ( ) ( ). . . 10 1 5. . . . . . . . ( ) .

    (10) [Abou Hussein et al., 537-538] 144 25% 50% . 3.4% 4.5% ( ) 6.3% ( ). ɡ . 4% . 36 . . . . .

    :
    . 0.1 % .

    (11) [El-Kholy et al., 709-725] 18 6 6 190. 36 . ( ) . 5% ( ) ( ) ( ). ( ). . ( ) .


    (12) [El-Gaafarawy et al., 539-549] 8 8 6 : 25% 50% . . .


    (13) [Abo-Donia et al., 507-524]. 16 4 ( ) . . . . . . . (acid ether extract, "AEE") . . . (14-16) . .

    :
    50% ( ) 0.125 10% . 5 : .



    (14) : (1) [Abdelhamid et al., 637-648] 18 ѡ ɡ () 5% 1% . . 1% 5% . .

    (15) : (2) [Abdelhamid et al., 649-662] 18 ѡ ɡ () 5% 1% . ( - - - ) . 1% 5% .

    :
    . High Yield Dairy Cows ( Corn silage) Non-protein nitrogen (NPN) Rumen .. by-pass ( Microbial digestion) " " " " Abomasum ( Enzymatic digestion).
    Կ
    1. ɡ ( ǡ ).
    2. ̡ .

    Methods of protected dietary proteins from degradation in the rumen
    (?) Heat treatments.
    (?) :
    1- Monensin
    2- Tannin treatments () .. .
    3- Lignosulfonate treatments
    4- Formaldehyde treatments ӡ ( ).
    5- Ethanol
    6- Alkali treatments Sodium hydroxide
    7- Acid treatments Propionic acid Acetic acid Hydrochloric acids.
    () Coating treatment ̡ ֡ .
    () .. .. .
    () () Oesophageal groove :
    cardiac region ɡ . .


    (16) ( ) [El-Bedawy et al., 1397-1398] ( ) . 10 ݡ 18 4% 8% . 375 120 474 491. 6.4 . . 15% 4% 25% 8% . ( ) 8% .


    ..........
    (17) [El-Garhy and Abd El-Azeem, 525-536] EX-17 SV-10017. 45 70 95 14 . SV-10017 FX-17 .

    () :
    3 20 /. 8 7 5 . 5 .
    ( ) :
    0 3 25 / 10 9 7 .
    :
    4 1-1.25 . 10-15 / . 15 .
    :
    3-4 30 / . 7 40 9 .

    (18) " [Mahmoud et al., 795-802] 30 31 9-11 98 ( 50 100 %) . 3 (10 ). 2% ( ) 1:1 . 9 . . (5.49) (12.74 /100 ). 40%.

    Groundnut vines hay:
    . . .

    (19) .. [Saleh et al., 617-626] 15 (5 ) : (1) 50% + 50% (2) 50% + 25% + 25% (3) 55% + 45% . ( ) ( ) (/ ) 20% 27% . 25% .

    (20) [Abdel-Rahman et al., 1169-1179] (40 60 80%) . : - - 18 - 27 20 . . . : ( ). . . (4% ) . (%) (%) . (40%) (15.6% 18% NDF) . . / . . 40% 18% NDF .


    (21) [Al-Shanti, 563-572] 4 : 1 ( ) . 12 ȡ 6 : [ : 1:1] [ : 1 : 2]. (4%) . . . . (4 : 1) .

    :
    2% 10% 45% 7%. 0 .

    (22) [Salem, 573-586] . () ( 70 : 30) ( ) 75 50 25% ( ) . (). . ɡ . (GOT) . . 30% ( ) .

    :
    . . . the silage ѡ .
    :
    2 ӡ ̡ ɡ .
    :
    1. .
    2. ( ) ʡ 50-100 .
    3. 30-50 .
    15-25 .
    :
    1. .
    2. .
    3. .
    4. .
    :
    6-8 .
    :
    1- .
    2- .
    3- .
    4- .
    :
    :
    .
    .
    .
    25 .


    (23) [Ahmed et al., 587-594]. . ( ) ( ). ( ). . . . ( ) . . ( ) .


    (24) -2- [Mahmoud et al., 727-738] 28 176.68 8 . (7 ). 140 141 450 : : " " 65% + 15% ) ( ) : 50% + 50% ( ) : 25% + 75% ( ) : 100% 75% + 25% . . 25% + 75% ( ) ( ).

    (25) [Bendary et al., 1399-1400] . . 20% . :
    : :
    .
    .
    4.31 56.64% 3.11% .
    : .
    : . 137 .

    (26) [Abd El-Ghani and Metawli, 833-842] (leucaena Silage) . 0.3% ( ) 0.6% ( ) ( ). 4% . . 28 () NRC 1985. 0.3% 0.6% 50% . 0.3% .

    (27) [Soliman et al., 843-850] : 1: 25% + 75% 2: 50% + 50% 3: 75% + 25% .. ( ) . 9 (3 ) . 75% .

    (28) [Shahata et al., 969-980] 28 4 24.9 (8 ) NRC 1985 : 50% + 50% ( 1) 70% + 30% ( 2) 50% + 50% 65% 35% ( 3) 50% + 50% 30% 70% ( 4). 16 (112 ) . 70% .

    (Reeds grass):
    ɡ . ʡ ڡ ݡ ѡ ɡ ѡ ӡ . ѡ ɡ .
    Phragmites australis Common Reed ( ) 40- 100 200 2 4. ǡ ǡ ߡ ɡ ڡ ѡ . .

    (29) [El-Tahan et al., 1367-1379] 24 16.71 ( NRC 1986) : (1) 50% + . (2) 50% + (60% + 40% ) . (3) 50% + (40% + 60% ) . (4) 50% + . : 44.33 49.17 48.50 43.00 1 2 3 4 . 151 179 174 145 1.411 1.473 1.459 1.384 . (8.23 8.39 ) . . 60% .

    ............
    (30) [Allam et al., 595-602] ( ) (0.6 1.0 / ) . . .

    (31) ( ) [El-Saadany et al., 551-561] 0.5% 20.75 22.76% . .

    :
    7% 25% 18% 0.18%.

    (32) [Soliman et al., 603-616] 200 / 39 / AFB1 AFM1 . .

    (33) [El-Saadany et al., 1181-1190] (0.75 0.25 ) 34.2 7-9 120 . . : 33.34% + 33.33% + 33.33% [ (.)] 32.35% + 32.35% + 32.35% + 2.95% [ 1 (.1)] 50% + 25% + 25% [ 2 (.2)] 48.53% + 24.26% + 24.26% + 2.95% [ 3 (.3)] 25% + 50% + 25% [ 4 (.4)] 24.26% + 48.53% + 24.26% + 2.95% [ 5 (.5)]. . .3 .1 .4 .5. . .1 45% .3 61% 221.5 164.4% . (100%). : (GOT, GPT) . . 3-4% 45-63% .

    (34) -2- [Abd El-Baki et al., 703-708] . 18 205 : (1) 100% 1970 ( ) (2) 50% (2.5%) (5%) ( ) (3) 50% (2.5%) (5%) 1/ ( ). 14 12 . . 50% .


    (35) [El-Basiony et al., 685-692] 80 12-13 " " . (20 ) ( 2.5% ) ( 1) ( 2 3 4) . 7.5% . . .

    (36) () [Ragheb et al., 693-702] 34 17 90.7 ( ) 90.5 ( ) . 6 2 /. 2 / .

    (37) [Khattab et al., 991-1007] 30 (5 ) 19.9 . NRC 1985 : (1) (100% ) (2) (100% ) 3// ߡ (3) (100% ) 3// ߡ (4) (120% ) (5) (120% ) 3// ߡ (6) (120% ) 3// . . . ɡ . . 3// 100% .

    (38) [Al-Ashry et al., 1009-1022] 33 ( 3-4 ) 11 ( 18 ) 180 . :- (1) (2) 20 // (3) 5 //. . . (/ ) . . . . . . (GOT, GPT) . . .

    (39) [Aboul Ella et al., 1023-1033] ( ) 12 . 18 2 37 . 10// . . . . 10// .

    (40) [Ibrahim and Khalil, 1035-1037] . . . : ߿

    (41) [Mehany et al., 1059-1065] 20 304 150 : (): (2% ) + ( ) (): (2% ) + + 4 // (): (2% ) + + (2% )// (): (2% ) + . 12 ( ) . .. ( ) () () .. . .

    (42) [Mehany et al., 1067-1076] 21 500 -600 () 50 : 10 : 30 : 10% 2 4 . . 7% 2 4 .. ( ). . . 2 4 .

    (43) -1- [Abo-Donia et al., 1079-1080] : . . . 1% 2% 3% 4% 5% 3% . . . . 3% .

    (44) -2- [Abo-Donia et al., 1081-1093] 15 8 3 5 206.8 205.6 106.4 . (65%) (35%) (5%) . 3% (150 //). 180 . . // . . . pH. . GOT, GPT. . .

    (45) ( 1026) [Abdel-Khalek, 1095-1105] ( 1026) . 24 10 (12 5 ). () 5 (). 4% . . 16% . ( " " ) . 120 (76.5% 58.8%) (100% 60%) (66.6% 58.3%). . "" .

    ............
    (46) [Omar et al., 739-748] 1999 2000 1994 3-4 . () 0.25 0.50% . 1999 2000. () (ADL). ( 30% ).

    (47) [Hassan et al., 749-758] 1999 2000. . ѡ 0.25 0.50% . . () .


    (48) [El-Badawi et al., 769-780] 15 2.5 430 495. (10 12 14 16 18%) . ( ) ( ). : [( / = 0.5 / ) ( / = 0.5 / )]. 0.92 0.94. = = ѡ . . 36 ʡ . 17 24 ( 36) 40 55 21-24%. ( ) (24-36 ) 0.002 0.003 0.004 / . 0.0380.12/ .

    (49) [Eid et al., 781-794] : ( ) . 75 33.814.59 2-3. (25 /) 45 . . . .

    (50) [Youssef et al., 821-831] (polyethylene glycol, PEG) . 16 ( 20.46 ) 4 10 / 1 : (T1): Fresh Acacia (T2): (T3): Acacia hay (T4): . 75 : . (32.15 42.2 / ). (75.1 72.4 /). . . . . .

    :
    ݺ 29% 15% ( ). . . .


    (51) [Gihad et al., 1301-1310] . 8 50% . ( / ) : . (Kochia indica) (Phragmites australis) 56.75 3.90 (Brassica nigra) (Suaeda vera) 18.40 19.75 (Artemisia monosperma) (Halocnemum strobilaceum) (Thymelaea hirsuta) (Hammada elegans) (1.45-3.55). . . . . . ( ) ( ) . . .

    : Haloxylon Salicornicum
    . .


    (52) [Abou El-Naser and El-kerdawy, 803-810] 20 6-7 30.55. . : (23% 35% ԡ 35% ɡ 4% ӡ 1% ͡ 2% ) . 135 120 ( ) . 15 (3 ) : . . . ͡ 57.59% . .

    ( Redicall):
    Brewers pulp ( ) ( ) . ( 75%) . ( 10%) Ӻ . 15% 11% 20% 7%.
    ground date seeds :
    . ̡ . ʡ . 96 ɡ 97.8%.

    (53) [Mostafa et al., 811-820] 32 : () () 15% () 25% () 35% . . 147 2% 3% . (Finishing) 36 (0.5% ) . . 25% .

    :
    2% 10% 45% 14%.



    (54) [Abd El-Raman et al., 851-865] " " 40 7-8 25 4 10 150 : (): ( ) = [31% + 26% + 22% + 15% ( ) + 3.5% + 1.5% + 1% ] & : = [31% + 26% + 22% + 15% + 3.5% + 1.5% + 1% ] & : ( ) = [31% + 26% + 22% + 15% + 3.5% + 1.5% + 1% ] & : = [31% + 26% + 22% + 15% + 3.5% + 1.5% + 1% ]. 9 10 ( Panicum Turgidum) ..

    ( Panicum Turgidum):
    ѡ ɡ ʡ ɡ 8 6-8. . . ( On DM basis): 68.90% (DM) 89.89% (OM) 3.75% (CP) 28.86% (CF) 3.08% ( EE) 54.20% (ʡ NFE) 10.11% ϡ 6.96% (A.I.A. = Acid Insoluble Ash). .
    Olive Cake, or Pulp :
    (Hydraulic Press) (Organic Solvents). 5% 12%. . .. 14.5-23% 5%% . (Metabolizable Energy) 57% . (Minerals) .
    (55) [Aiad et al., 959-968] 25% 50% . . Һ . 61.4-63.1 55.8-57.8 , . 75% + 25% 62.86-69.45% 10.42-11.14% : 8.90% ɡ 3.95% 2.96% 1.21% 88.15% ɡ 3.73% . 25% 50% .

    (Cassava or Tapioca meal):
    . Hydrogen Cyanide ( ). 10-25% . 3-6% 4.9% 0.9% 2.9% 88-90% . . .
    :
    0 ().
    40% 10% 4%.



    (56) : 1- [El-Tahan, 867-877] Mushroom cultivating residues . Swing Over method . : 100% + 10% [40:60 % ] ( ). 75% + 10% . 50% + 10% . 75% ɡ .

     Swing Over method
    - :
    1- .
    2- .
    3- .
    4- 21 .
    5- 15 21 .
    6- 5 .

    ( ) .
    :
    1 1 2 1
    :
    1 2 1 1
    1 2 .

    1- .
    2- .
    3- .
    4- .


    (57) : 2- [El-Tahan et al., 879-890] . 40 (20 + 20 ) 32 ڡ (5 + 5 ) : (1) 80% NRC 1986 + 5% . (2) 80% NRC 1986 + 5% . (3) 60% NRC 1986 + 5% . (4) 40% NRC 1986 + 5% . 40% ɡ .

    (58) -1- [Bassuny et al., 891-900] : - ( ) - . : . . ѡ ǡ ǡ +ѡ + . + . . .

    :
    ( ) . 2% 12% 45% 4%.

    (59) -2- [Bassuny et al., 901-912] ( ) : (1) 100% ( ) NRC (1985) (2) 65% ( ) (3) 65% ( ) + Phanerochete chrysosporium () (4) 100% ( ) (5) 65% ( ) (6) % ( ) + . . (//) + (). +. + . ( ) + . + . +.

    (60) -3- [Bassuny et al., 913-924] ( ) . . . . . ( ). P. ostreatus P. sajor-caju. . . . P. ostreatus .

    (61) [Shakweer, 925-940] 18 () 9 . 50% ( NRC 1985) : (1) 50% + 50% ( ) (2) 50% + (3) 50% + + (4) 50% + + (5) 50% + ++ (6) 50% + (7) 50% + + (8) 50% + + (9) 50% + ++ . 40 . (+) (+) (++) .

    () :
    . 12% 47% 4%.
    :
    () 10% 45% 4%.

    (62) [Boraei, 1267-1277] 24 ( ) 251 (4 ) 180 :- : 5 // + : 5 // + : 5 // + : 5 // + . :- . . . . . . . ALT .

    (63) [Gabr and Ahmed, 945-958] 25% : 70% 5% ɡ . : . . pH (4.13 : 4.75) (1.71 :1.80%) (1.5%) . ( ). . (TDN) (DCP) . / / (0.75) ɡ / / (0.75) . (70%) ҡ ͡ ҡ (25%) (5%) . .

    :
    0 () 0
    . 9% 4% 15%0

    (64) -1- [Mohamed and Ibrahem, 1209-1217] 28 22.3 5-6 4 . 70% 30%. 2 3 4 30 65 100% . NRC 1989 4 . . . 2. 2 (chamomile cake) . 2 11.6 17.7 24.42% 2 3 4 1 33.0 9.92 9.0% 2 3 4 30% . .

    : Artemisgia herba-alba
    50 25.5% 3.3% 10.6% .


    (65) [Osman and Swidan, 981-989] 3% . 20.75% 22.98% 23.84% . 20 48% 40% 10% 1.5% 0.5% . . 71.97% 72.34% 73.86% 72.98% 48.63% 64.56% 72.03% 70.61% 45.47% 52.93% 70.53% 64.53% 32.87% 50.37% 59.71% 48.6% . 117.1 133.3 181.2 141 / 7.6 6.7 4.97 6.4 / .

    :
    .. .

    (66) [Abd El-Malik et al., 1039-1053] 18 () 6 . 50% (NRC 1985) : (1) 3-5+ () (2) 4%+ (3) ( 2.5% + 4%) + (4) + (5) + (6) (+) + 30. ( +) ( +) (NDF, ADF, ADL) + +. (+) () . 3 6 3 6 . ( +) () (+) 3 6 . + 3 6 3 ( ) . (+) ( 4%) . (+) ( 4%) .

    (67) [Gado et al., 1055-1057] ( ZAD ) (Pleurotus osteratus) . 12 4 : : () : : (Pleurotus osteratus) : . 4 (3 + ) . 120 24 20 4 . .

    ...........
    (68) [El-Waziry, 1107-1116] 2,6-diaminopimelic acid (DAP-SI) . DAP-SI 12 39 . DAP-SI 10.88% 4.18% 12 . DAP-SI 10.48% 8.26% 12 . DAP-SI 15.4% 9.04% 12 . 2,6-diaminopimelic acid (DAP-SI) DAP-SI DD-DAP . .

    (69) [Mehrez et al., 1117-1130] . ( 7.5% + 0.5% 5% + 1% 2.5% + 1.5% ) . 45 8 16 24 36 72 . . a, b, c ( ) .

    (70) [El-Fadaly et al., 1131-1142] ( ) . ( 50 ) 22 85% : (1) 60% + 40% (2) 60% + 40% (3) 60% + 40% (4) 60% + 40% . . . (pH) . . . .

    (71) [Attia-Ismail, 1143-1152] . 16 (38.8 38.9 43.1 45.0 20.31) 22 ( 20 // ). 60% 40% ( 1 : 3 1 : 3. . . . .

    (72) [Taie et al., 1365-1366] . . : (29%) (22%) (15%). ( ). . . . (15%) .


    (73) (HPE) [Salem, 1153-1160] ( ) (HPE). . 20 15 (50/ ) . () ( ) . ( ) 20 . 20 24 . () . ( ) . (20 ) .

    (74) [Abdella et al., 1161-1168] . . . . . .



    (75) [Nasser et al., 1191-1197] ڡ 0.3 / ݡ 0.3 350 / . .

    (76) [Abdel Rahman et al., 1199-1207] 20 ( ) 2-4 69 ( 0.072 0.068 + 13.5 22.5 / 4 3 . ɡ 1 2 . 3 14-16 /. 7-12 12-13 74 94 130 / ( ) 349 336 326 . 0.24-0.29 / ( ). 39.0 28.9 11.9% 54.2 59.0 57.9% 86.1 19.4 32.7% 4.5 10.3 8.8% . 10-11.5% 2.4% . + 100% 71.4% 75.0% .

    ...........
    (77) [Hussein et al., 1219-1226] 27 (1-2 ). 3 ڡ 9 10 8 . 40 Flurogestone acetate 14 400 PMSG . Estrumate (0.8 αPGF2 ) 11 24 400 PMSG . 40 Flurogestone acetate 14 . 0.1 0.1 . PMSG 24 12 . 66.67 70 50 . . 100 66.67 25 . 157.635.50 153.54.92 151.138.99 111.11 110.0 100 1.11 1.1 1 100 110 100 . 80 90.9 33.3 (pH) (-70 0.09). 3.060.21 3.690.19 3.230.36 18.381.62 21.031.08 17.671.87 . . ( αPGF2 11 ) Flurogestone acetate 14 . (pH) .

    (78) [Khalifa et al., 1227-1234] 10 . () ( 19 87% 7 41% ) . 48 ( 2 4 ). ( 4 ) ( 2 ). . (RQ) . . T3 T4 . 4 . 4 . (CO2 , O2) (MV, TV, RR) .

    (79) [Ahmed et al., 1235-1249] 30 . () ( ) NRC 1981 . . . 13.5-14.5% ɡ . 5 . ( ). . .



    (80) [Ahmed, 1311-1324] 45 (40 60 70%) (25 30 35 ) . 3 14.97 15.95 3 6 8 10 (1 2 3) (NRC) 1985. . 25 . 2.40-2.59 25 2.08-2.19 30 1.81-1.89 35. ͡ ޡ . 152-24.7% 53.9-71.9% 30 35 25 . -2.4 -5.6% -4.4 -10.5% 7.7 10.9 10.1 19.6% . 25 .

    ()
    :
    1-
    : .
    2- .
    3-
    4-
    5-
    6- ()
    :
    1-

    : 60
    : 70
    2-
    3- 1.5 2.5 /
    150 300 / 500 .
    : 6


    (81) [El-Ashhab et al., 1325-1331] ( ). 30 3000 4000 / 3.6 7.5. ԡ . 7.5 3.6 . 1 1 ./ 1.3 ./ 18.5 ./.

    ..............
    (82) [Yacout et al., 759-767] ݡ ѡ 25 50%. 322.7 98 2% (1:1) 3 . . 25% 50% . (803 688 841 // ɡ 25% 50% ). 50%. 50% .

    Sugar beet pulp (dried):
    5% . .
    12% 25% 6% 7%.


    (83) [El-Badawi et al., 1349-1363] ɡ . 31.30 2.38 : (1): 70.5% + 23.5% + 3% + 3% [25% ] (2): 47% + 47% + 3% + 3% [50% ] (3): 23.5% + 70.5% + 3% + 3% [75% ].. 4% 3% // 56 . : 25% ɡ . . 25% . . 50% . 170 / (15% ) 178.3 / (75% ). 75% . 70.5% 75% .


    (84) [Hassan, 1253-1265] . . . . . .[/ALIGN]
    [/CELL][/TABLE1][/ALIGN]

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  3. #3
    ()   amir2008
    Aug 2008
    6,415


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